May 28, 2010

A New Direction for the Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation


Joshua M. Cunningham, Air Resources Engineer, Mobile Source Control Division, California Air Resources Board


The California Air Resources Board (ARB) is revising and strengthening the Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Regulation with the following goals:

• Expand the ZEV Regulation to focus on long-term greenhouse gas (GHG) emission targets in addition to criteria pollutants while harmonizing the program with ARB’s other vehicle regulations, and
• Strengthen the ZEV Regulation for model years 2015 and subsequent, focusing on pure ZEV technology

To develop the framework for redesigning the ZEV Regulation, in 2009 ARB undertook a review of the status of current ZEV technologies, and analyzed numerous pathways to illustrate how the passenger vehicle sector can contribute to meeting California’s long-term 2050 GHG emission reduction goal. In 2010, ARB is analyzing the near-term advanced vehicle market prospects and focusing on specific regulatory changes. Mr. Cunningham will provide an overview of these activities and changes.

Biographical Sketch

Currently, Joshua Cunningham is working with the Sustainable Transportation Technology Branch in the Air Resources Board on the advanced vehicle emissions programs.  This includes the Zero Emissions Vehicle (ZEV) Regulation and the Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) III Regulation, both of which are schedule to be presented to the Board at the end of 2010.  In this role, Joshua leads the light-duty vehicle (LDV) greenhouse gas emission scenario analysis focused on 2050, as well as the ZEV market and cost analysis focused on 2025.  The broad policy goals are to develop a comprehensive set of regulations and incentives that complement each other and enhance the chance of success of achieving the State’s greenhouse gas and criteria pollutant emission targets. Prior to working at ARB, Joshua worked at UC Davis’s Institute of Transportation Studies (ITS-Davis) as a program manager of the Sustainable Transportation Energy Pathways (STEPS) research program, under the leadership of Dr. Joan Ogden and Dr. Dan Sperling.  The program focuses on interdisciplinary analysis research comparing alternative fuel and vehicle pathways in the context of energy use, emissions, public policy, and private investment strategies.  Joshua’s coordination efforts of proposals and contracts were also instrumental in launching the UC Davis Energy Efficiency Center (April 2006) and the CEC PIER-funded Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Research Center (February 2007). Prior to working at ITS-Davis, Joshua was a systems engineer at UTCFuelCells working on transportation applications.  This work included system development on several projects, including the current AC Transit fuel cell bus and the Hyundai Tucson Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle.  Joshua’s education credentials include a master’s degree in Transportation Technology and Policy (TTP) from UC Davis where he focused on fuel cell systems modeling research, and a bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering from Michigan State University.