Dr. David Greene, Corporate Fellow, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Advances in energy technologies are critical to achieving our nation’s greenhouse gas mitigation and energy security goals. On the climate change issue, scientists have developed rigorous models of the climate impacts of increase GHG emissions and used them to estimate emissions trajectories necessary to achieve various “climate stabilization” goals. Integrated climate models have estimated the costs of achieving these goals as well as the economic benefits of advanced energy technologies. Such rigorous goal setting and modeling has been lacking with respect to the issue of energy security. This analysis specifies quantitative metrics for both energy goals and, using the Kaya equation in a simple simulation model, measures the importance of 11 key energy technologies to achieving our national energy goals.